The surgical removal of both ovaries (Bilateral Oophorectomy) happens for a number of reasons, including:
Benign disease (e.g., endometriosis, complex ovarian cysts)
Gynecological cancers (e.g., ovarian, cervical, endometrial (uterus/uterine) cancer)
Hormone sensitivity conditions (e.g., premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) and/or premenstrual exacerbation (PME) that cannot be treated through other methods)
Risk-reducing surgery (e.g., in BRCA gene carriers to reduce the risk of ovarian and/or breast cancer)
Infection (e.g., pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
This procedure may be carried out with or without a hysterectomy (removal of the uterus) depending on the reason for surgery.
Visit www.iapmd.org/surgery for lots of evidence-based information and resources for those considering, going through or recovering from surgery for PMDD/PME.